In a series of decisions under the former Arbitration Act, the Supreme Court ruled that the annulment of an arbitral award cannot be justified by: Thomas E. Carbonneau is the Samuel P. Orlando Distinguished Professor of Law at Penn State`s Dickinson School of Law. Professor Carbonneau is generally regarded as one of the world`s leading experts in national and international arbitration. He is a member of the editorial board of La Revue de L`Arbitrage, author of ten highly prized books and 75 scientific and professional articles on arbitration. Professor Carbonneau, moise S. Steeg Jr. Professor of International Law at Tulane University School of Law. .