The university creates FRIB under a cooperation agreement with the DOE Office of Science and supports the mission of the Office of Nuclear Physics. The FRIB will enable scientists to make discoveries about the properties of rare isotopes (ephemeral nuclei that are not normally present on Earth), nuclear astrophysics, interactions and basic applications for society, including in medicine, homeland security and industry. More than 1,400 scientific users are ready to do research at the FRIB when user exploitation begins in 2022. The SSM is the first university to work with the DOE Office of Science in a user institution made available under a cooperation agreement. The name shows that the FRIB is open and available to all scientists, U.S. Energy Secretary Dan Brouillette said. MSU, the DOE and the state worked together to fund the project. „The FRIB is a perfect example of seeking cutting-edge knowledge of SSM to promote the common good with an unusual will,“ said SSM President Samuel L. .